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Dean of College Sermon Notes From

I have Found a ransom

 

Job 33:24 Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

The Heidelberg Catechism says

34   Q.

Why do you call him "our Lord"?

 

A.

Because--
   not with gold or silver,
   but with his precious blood--1
he has set us free
   from sin and from the tyranny of the devil,2
and has bought us,
   body and soul,
to be his very own.3

1 1 Pet. 1:18-19
2 Col. 1:13-14; Heb. 2:14-15
3 1 Cor. 6:20; 1 Tim. 2:5-6

 

1Pe 1:18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;

1Pe 1:19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

It is with Christís blood that we have been redeemed

Col 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:

Col 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

The Cleansing Blood of Christ

A woman came to a minister one day carrying a container of wet sand. "Do you see what this is, sir?" she asked. "Yes," was the reply, "it is wet sand." "But do you know what it means?" "I do not know exactly what you mean by it; what is it?" "Well, sir," she said, "that's me; and the multitude of the sins that constantly dirty my heart cannot be numbered." Then she exclaimed, "Oh, wretched creature that I am! How can such a wretch as I ever be saved and keep clean from the influences of the world?" "Where did you get the sand?" asked the minister. "At the beach." "Go back, then, to the beach. Take a spade with you; dig, dig, and raise a great mound; shovel it up as high as you can, then leave it there. Take your stand by the seashore, and watch the effect of the waves upon the heap of the sand." "Sir," she exclaimed, "I see what you mean-the blood, the blood, the blood of Christ, it would wash it all away and would keep washing any new dark stains away."

The Blood Washes our sins away, we sing there is power in the blood, wonderful working power in the blood of the lamb

 

Christ paid our ransom

 

ap-ol-oo'-tro-sis

the Greek meaning for redemption is (the act) ransom in full, that is, paid in full

1Ti 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

Short definition of Ransom

Ransom - the price or payment made for our redemption, as when it is said that the Son of man "gave his life a ransom for many. This word is derived from the Fr. rancon; Lat. redemptio. The debt is represented not as cancelled but as fully paid. The slave or captive is not liberated by a mere gratuitous favour, but a ransom price has been paid, in consideration of which he is set free. The original owner receives back his alienated and lost possession because he has bought it back "with a price." This price or ransom (Gr. lutron) is always said to be Christ, his blood, his death. He secures our redemption by the payment of a ransom

God Redeemed Jacob

 

Jer 31:11 - For the Lord hath redeemed Jacob,....

even all the elect of God, his church and people, of whatsoever nation, which frequently go by this name in the prophetic writings: and this redemption of them by Christ,; and is the ground and foundation of their being gathered in effectual calling, and of their final perseverance; for redemption has its certain effect, and Christ will never lose the purchase of his blood; see Zec_10:8;

and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he; meaning Satan, the strong man armed; who is stronger than man, as appears by his possession of the bodies of men, inflicting diseases on them, and death itself, of which he had the power when permitted; and by his influence over the minds of men; by his temptations to sin, in which he so much succeeds; and even by the prevalence of his temptations over the saints themselves; and by the power which he had over our first parents in innocence, whom he prevailed upon to eat the forbidden fruit, which brought ruin on themselves, and on their posterity; by which means he got them into his hands, and God's elect among the rest, whom he leads captive at his will; and being enfeebled by sin, are so weak as not to be able to rescue themselves out of his hands; for he is stronger than they; but Christ is stronger than the strong man armed; he is the Redeemer that is mighty, and has taken the prey out of his hands, and has led captivity captive: and this he has done, not only by power and conquest, spoiling Satan and his principalities and powers; but by paying a "ransom" price for these captives into the hands of God; and which is no other than his precious blood, his life, himself; and so must be a sufficient ransom for them.

 

 

 

Adam Clarke Commentary Say this about redemption

For ye are bought - Ye Christians are purchased; and by right of purchase should therefore be employed as he directs. This doctrine is often taught in the New Testament, and the argument is often urged that, therefore, Christians should be devoted to God;

With a price - A price is that which is paid for an article, and which, in the view of the seller, is a fair compensation, or a valuable consideration why he should part with it; that is the price paid is as valuable to him as the thing itself would be. It may not be the same thing either in quality or quantity, but it is that which to him is a sufficient consideration why he should part with his property. When an article is bought for a valuable consideration, it becomes wholly the property of the purchaser. He may keep it, direct it, dispose of it. Nothing else is to be allowed to control it without his consent - The language here is figurative. It does not mean that there was strictly a commercial transaction in the redemption of the church, a literal "quid pro quo," for the thing spoken of pertains to moral government, and not to commerce. It means:

(1) That Christians have been redeemed, or recovered to God;

(2) that this has been done by a "valuable consideration," or that which, in his view, was a full equivalent for the sufferings that they would have endured if they had suffered the penalty of the law;

(3) That this valuable consideration was the blood of Jesus, as an atoning sacrifice, an offering, a ransom, which "would accomplish the same great ends in maintaining the truth and honor of God, and the majesty of his law, as the eternal condemnation of the sinner would have done;" and which, therefore, may be called, figuratively, the price which was paid. For if the same ends of justice could be accomplished by his atonement which would have been by the death of the sinner himself, then it was consistent for God to pardon him.

(4) nothing else could or would have done this. There was no price which the sinner could pay, no atonement which he could make; and consequently, if Christ had not died, the sinner would have been the slave of sin, and the servant of the devil forever.

(5) as the Christian is thus purchased, ransomed, redeemed, he is bound to devote himself to God only, and to keep his commands, and to flee from a licentious life.

 

 

 

A little story that sums up our ransom being paid for

A story told by Paul Lee Tan illustrates the meaning of redemption. He said that when A.J. Gordon was pastor of a church in Boston, he met a young boy in front of the sanctuary carrying a rusty cage in which several birds fluttered nervously. Gordon inquired, "Son, where did you get those birds?" The boy replied, "I trapped them out in the field." "What are you going to do with them?" "I'm going to play with them, and then I guess I'll just feed them to an old cat we have at home." When Gordon offered to buy them, the lad exclaimed, "Mister, you don't want them, they're just little old wild birds and can't sing very well." Gordon replied, "I'll give you $2 for the cage and the birds." "Okay, it's a deal, but you're making a bad bargain." The exchange was made and the boy went away whistling, happy with his shiny coins. Gordon walked around to the back of the church property, opened the door of the small wire coop, and let the struggling creatures soar into the blue. The next Sunday he took the empty cage into the pulpit and used it to illustrate his sermon about Christ's coming to seek and to save the lost -- paying for them with His own precious blood. "That boy told me the birds were not songsters," said Gordon, "but when I released them and they winged their way heavenward, it seemed to me they were singing, 'Redeemed, redeemed, redeemed!"

You and I have been held captive to sin, but Christ has purchased our pardon and set us at liberty. When a person has this life-changing experience, he will want to sing, "Redeemed, redeemed, redeemed!"

Heb 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

Heb 2:15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

Here we have much comfort.Why?Because Jesus destroyed the power over death and the fear of it.

Mark Twain.

Let us endeavor so to live that when we come to die even the undertaker will be sorry. 

 


"Our God is the God from whom cometh salvation: God is the Lord by whom we escape death." Martin Luther
"Live in Christ, live in Christ, and the flesh need not fear death." John Knox
"Thou, Lord, bruisest me; but I am abundantly satisfied, since it is from Thy hand." John Calvin
"The best of all is, God is with us. Farewell! Farewell!" John Wesley
"I shall be satisfied with Thy likeness--satisfied, satisfied!" Charles Wesley

Hudson Taylor, founder of China Inland Mission, in the closing months of his life said to a friend, "I am so weak. I can't read my Bible. I can't even pray. I can only lie still in God's arms like a little child and trust." 

1Co 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

1Co 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

Charles Hodge

The Greek word for lord is indeed used in scripture in the sense of master, and as a mere honorary title as in the English Sir. But, on the other hand, it is the translation of Adonai, supreme Lord, an incommunicable name of God, and the substitute for Jehovah, a name the Jews would not pronounce. It is in this sense that Christ is 'the Lord, the Lord of Lords, the Lord God'; Lord in that sense in which God alone can be Lord--having a dominion of which divine perfection is the only adequate or possible foundation. This is the reason why no one can call him Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. It is a confession which implies the apprehension of the glory of God as it shines in Him. It is an acknowledgement that He is God manifested in the flesh. Blessed are all who make this acknowledgement with sincerity; for flesh and blood cannot reveal the truth therein confessed, but only the Father who is in heaven. 

 

 

Our being belongs to God

 

Rom 14:8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.

 

Peter T. Forsythe was right when he said, "The first duty of every soul is to find not its freedom but its Master".

My favorite Abraham Kuyper quotation comes from a speech that he once gave before a university audience in Amsterdam. He was arguing that scholarship is an important form of Christian discipleship. Since scholarship deals with God's world, it has to be done in such a way that it honors Christ. Kuyper concluded with this ringing proclamation: "There is not one square inch of the entire creation about which Jesus Christ does not cry out, 'This is mine! This belongs to me!'" 

Luk 1:77 To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins,

Luk 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,

Luk 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

 

The captain of the ship looked into the dark night and saw faint lights in the distance. Immediately he told his signalman to send a message" "Alter your course 10 degrees south."

Promptly a return message was received: "Alter your course 10 degrees north."

The captain was angered; his command had been ignored. So he sent a second message: "Alter your course 10 degrees south--I am the captain!"

Soon another message was received: "Alter your course 10 degrees north--I am seaman third class Jones."

Immediately the captain sent a third message, knowing the fear it would evoke: "Alter your course 10 degrees south--I am a battleship."

Then the reply came "Alter your course 10 degrees north--I am a lighthouse."

Luk 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

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Trinity College of Biblical Studies-Undergraduate Studies

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Courses in Biblical and Theological Studies



BITH 1102 Old Testament Survey An overview of the Old Testament, tracing its teaching with respect to historical background and literary character.4 Units


BITH 1103 New Testament Survey An overview of the New Testament, tracing its teaching with respect to historical background and literary character. 4 Units

BITH 1105 Basic Christian Faith
An investigation into the basic beliefs of the Christian faith. 3 Units

BITH 1104 Studies in Biblical Lands  An investigation into the biblical theology and 
Archaeology in their historical, cultural, and geographical setting with major emphasis in Israel.3 Units  Pilgrimage to the Holy Land for further studies 3 Units


BITH 1106 Studies in Paul's Book to the Romans A chapter-by-chapter analysis of Paulís argument in the book of Romans with special emphasis on Paulís view of humanity, salvation, Christ, and the Holy Spirit.3 Units


BITH 1107 The Synoptic Gospels- A comparative study of the Synoptic Gospels and the fourth Gospel. Also compare the Gospel according to Thomas  3 Units

BITH 1108 Studies in the Gospel of St. John. A comprehensive study of Johnís gospel. Its insights into personal spirituality, will be emphasized in the context of  critical Johannine scholarship.3 Units

BIT 1109 HIntroduction to Hebrew. Introduction of the  Hebrew Language, also  using tools to search and understand the language 3 Units


BITH 1110. The Psalms: Songs of Israel and the Church. A study of the spiritual and literary legacy of the book of Psalms. The collection will be analyzed according to literary types, and the individual psalms studied according to their type and content. The use of Psalms in the history of the Church as a vehicle of worship will be a daily devotional focus to begin each class 3 Units

BITH 1121. Old Testament Apocalyptic Literature. A survey of the development of apocalyptic literature in the OT (Isaiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Joel, Zechariah) and the intertestamental period (2 Esdras and Enoch). This survey includes an introduction to the character of apocalyptic, foundational principles for the interpretation of apocalyptic, and an evaluation of apocalyptic as a communicative and revelatory
vehicle. 3 Units

BITH 1123. Intertestamental Literature. A survey of intertestamental history from 300 to 5 B.C. with special attention given to the literature of the period as a theological bridge between the Old and New Covenants. Areas of study include OT Apocrypha and selections from the OT Pseudepigrapha, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the development of apocalyptic literature and rabbinic Judaism. 3 Units

BITH 1111 Life of Christ A thorough study of Jesusí life and teaching. Primary attention will be given to reconstructing the Archeological first-century with historical, and cultural setting of Judaism that shaped Jesusí message.
3 Units


BITH 1112 Paul of Tarsus A study of the life and thought of Paul as found in the book of Acts and in Paulís New Testament letters. The course will synthesize the major categories of Pauline thought and emphasize their value for faith today. 3 Units The footsteps of Paul Tour is available 3 Units


BITH 1115 Jerusalem, the Holy City.3 Units A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem is available. 3 Units

BITH 1122. 1 Corinthians. A section-by-section survey of 1 Corinthians dealing with the issues of the nature of the Church, Christian behavior and social responsibility, sexuality, marriage and divorce, Christian worship, the spiritual gifts, and the resurrection. 3 Units

BITH 1116 Acts of the Apostles
A study of the Book of Acts focused on the birth and development of the apostolic church, its dissociation from Judaism, and the progress of the missionary enterprise. 3 Units Footsteps of Paul Tour 3 Units


BITH 1117 Women of the Bible Women in the Bible  An overview of the Bible  passages that deal with womenís role in the family and in church, and an understanding of the situation of Christian women 3 Units


BITH 1118. Prison Epistles. Analysis of Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Philemon, all written while the author was in chains. Attention will focus on the light these letters throw on Paulís life and thought, as well as on the abiding challenge of their message. 3 Units Footsteps of Paul Tour 3 Units

BITH 1119-Egypt and the Bible. This course will introduce the student to the history and culture of ancient Egypt, and relate these to important biblical events, including the life of Joseph and the Exodus. By the use of primary sources in literature and art, such themes as religion, cosmology, and kingship will be studied in their historical and cultural contexts3 Units.  Pilgrimage to Egypt is available 3 Units


BITH 5220History of Theological Christian Thought. Historical survey of people and movements which have shaped the faith of the Christian church from post-biblical times to today's modern thought 3 Units


BITH 4221- . David and Kingship. A study of the origin, development, organizational structures, and function of the Israelite united monarchy in light of current sociopolitical models 3 Units

BITH 5222Biblical Interpretation and Hermeneutics. A survey of hermeneutical theory discussing  how author, text, and reader work together as meaning emerges from a text. These insights will then be applied to the Bible, giving the student an interpretive strategy for exegete biblical texts and bringing their meaning into the modern world. 3 Units

BITH 4223.-

 
BITH 4224. Systematic Theology 1. A critical investigation into the content and contemporary significance of the Christian faith, emphasizing biblical foundations, philosophic presuppositions and comprehensiveness. 3 Units


BITH 6225. Spiritual Classics. A small group study which explores the concept of Christian ďspiritualityĒ from the classics of the Christian tradition including Augustine, Benedict, Bernard of Clairvaux, Juliana, Teresa of Avila, Luther, Calvin, Catherine of Genoa, Pascal, Wesley, Bunyan, Bonhoeffer, Merton, Nouwen, Sundar Singh, and others. 3 Units

BITH 5226The Exodus. The exodus event is as central to OT theology as the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ to NT theology. The historical and theological implications of this book will be examined, with special emphasis given to the covenant between God and Israel.3 Units Holy Land  Pilgrimages 3 Units

BITH 7227-Ruth and Esther. A detailed study of the books of Ruth and Esther, giving special attention to historical background, literary analysis, theological emphases, traditional interpretations along with recent ideological interpretations, and contemporary application 3 Units


BITH 6228. Wisdom Literature. A selection from the Old Testament wisdom books, Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. The apocryphal books of Jesus ben Sirach and the Wisdom of Solomon may also be read and studied in relation to canonical wisdom.
3 Units


BITH 8230-Historical Geography A study of selected biblical episodes which are enriched when understood in the context of Near, and Far  Eastern history along with Palestinian geography.3 Units. Archaeological field trips are available

BITH 7231. Jeremiah. Jeremiahís time was one of crisis and change for Israel. Therefore, his book has much to offer to the church and the Christian today. Historical, literary, and theological approaches will be used in the study of Jeremiah 3Units

BITH 7232 Studies in the Book of Job-Considered  the oldest book of the Bible Job is a rich cultural book. A biblical and theological study into this Ancient book.3 Units

BITH 8233-Introduction to Greek Introduction Course  of the Beginners Greek Language.  3 Units

BITH 8234. Systematic Theology 2 A continuation of a critical investigation into the content and contemporary significance of the Christian faith, emphasizing biblical foundations, philosophic presuppositions and comprehensiveness. 3 Units


BITH 9235-  Genesis 1-11. A study of the foundational chapters for the Old and New Testaments. The central themes of creation, God, humanity, the fall, redemption, judgment, and covenant will be investigated in detail 3 Units 

BITH 6236.Theology of Culture. An exploration into the nature of Christianity, as biblically grounded and historically developed, and its setting in and mission to the world 3 Units


BITH 7237-Parables of Jesus An examination of the parabolic teaching of Jesus then (in its first century Palestinian cultural setting) and now (its message to twenty-first-century Christians and society). Emphasis on the history of interpretation, especially contemporary literary-aesthetic approaches. 3 Units

BITH 4238-Old Testament Exegesis  A practical study of the procedures for doing sound exegesis in the various portions of the Old Testament.  The method will include the study of words, poetics, textual criticism, syntax, biblical theology, and practical exegetical exposition in the different genres of the Hebrew Bible.  


BITH 4241-Religions of Israel and the Ancient Near East
..3 Units  Holy Land Pilgrimages
          3 Units


BITH 5240. Pastoral Epistles. Careful investigation of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. Detailed textual analysis will lead to better understanding of the joys and struggles of Christian leadership under Paulís direction. Social roles and cultural issues affecting the Church will receive special attention. 3 Units Footsteps of Paul Tour 3 Units.
 

BITH 5239The Greek Text of Romans: Text Critical Study . Using the textbook and the textual notes in the lectures, construct an exegesis (of 10 pages) on a segment of Romans of your choosing. 3 Units


BITH 8242 Christology Study of the person and work of Christ.
.3 Units

BITH 6243Christian Ethics An examination of the history, methodology, and content of Christian ethics with application to specific contemporary issues.. 3 Units
 

 


 

 

 


 

 

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