Introduction to the Hebrew Language
 

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 INTRODUCTION TO HEBREW

Introduction to Biblical Hebrew covers some essential elements of the grammar of Biblical Hebrew and introduces some basic vocabulary. It introduces students to aspects of translation of Biblical Hebrew as well as the main lexical aids. On completion of the subject students should be able to translate basic nominal and verbal sentences.

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 Hebrew Alphabet
Click on the letter to hear how it sounds

 


Vav

Hay

Daled

Gimmel

Vet

Bet

Aleph

Final Chaf

Chaf

Kaf

Yud

Tet

Chet

Zayin

Ayin

Samech

Final Nun

Nun

Final Mem

Mem

Lamed

Resh

Kuf

Final Tsadee

Tsadee

Final Fay

Fay

Pay

Taf

Taf

Sin

Shin

Hebrew Vowels


Cholam

Shva

Segol

Tsere

Patach

Kamatz

Chataf
Segol

Chataf
Patach

Chataf
Kamatz

Shuruk

Kubbutz

Chirik

 

Character

Final Form (used if at the end of a word)

Name
(pronounced)

Transliterated as

Numeric Value

Signification

  Aleph (all-f)

'

1 Ox
  Beth (bait)

b or b

2 House
  Gimel (gimle)

g or g

3 Camel
  Daleth (dall-it)

d

4 Door
  He (hay)

h

5 Window
  Vav (vauv)

w or v

6 Hook
  Zayin (zi-yen)

z

7 Weapon
  Heth (hate)

h (with a dot underneath) or ch

8 Fence
  Teth (tate)

t (with a dot underneath)

9 Snake
  Yodh (yo-d)

y

10 Hand
Kaph (cough)

k or k

20 Bent Hand
  Lamed (law-med)

l

30 Ox-goad
Mem (maim)

m

40 Water
Nun (noon)

n

50 Fish
  Samech (saw-meck)

s

60 Prop
  'Ayin (eye'n)

`

70 Eye
Pe (pay)

p or p

80 Mouth
Tsadhe (tsaw-day)

s (with a dot underneath)

90 Fish-hook
  Qoph (co-f)

q

100 Back of the Head
  Resh (ray-sh)

r

200 Head
  Sin/Shin (seen/sheen)

s' or s^

300 Tooth
  Tav (taw-v)

t

400 Cross