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Dean of College Sermon Notes From

     Walking with Jesus in the 21st Century




A)     Walking with Jesus in  the 21st century we have to realize that

B)     God is always the same

C)     His Attributes are continually the same they never change

D)     This world may change Empires may be built up and taken down but He never changes




Key Scriptures



Heb 13:8  Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.


Num 23:19  God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it?


Mal 3:6  "For I the LORD do not change; therefore you, O children of Jacob, are not consumed.








We are living what is called the Postmodern World


A) The word  "postmodern" may sound unfamiliar, but it's an important concept. Today's "postmodern" leaders and social engineers are using it to explain and justify changes that are transforming churches around the world. If we don't know its meaning, we can't really understand the impact of today's social revolution on faith and evangelization.  





Postmodernism-defined as
     A philosophical system of observation and thought that denies absolutes and objectivity.  Postmodernism has influenced theology, art, culture, architecture, society, film, technology, and economics.  Traditional social, art, social, and cultural, constructs are discarded and reinterpreted in philosophical terms.  An example of postmodern thought would be the validation of homosexuality as an equally legitimate sexual expression over and against the Judeo-Christian ethic of one husband one wife concept.  In other words, previously taboo practices and beliefs are given equal validity to traditional values and norms often to the point of displacing the latter. 






Biblical faith


Means or implies:

But Jesus said:

Personal relationships

  - with the group or community. Please people rather than God.

"For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I would not be a bondservant of Christ." Galatians 1:10

 - "He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me.” John 14:20-21


  - for what God warned us to shun. Forbidden things are now okay.

  “What comes out of a man, that defiles a man. For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.  All these evil things come from within and defile a man.” Mk 7:20-23

  ["Abhor what is evil. Cling to what is good." Romans 12:9]


  - subjective, always changing, defined by the group -- with little or no Biblical insight.  Denial of absolute and objective truth.

  “I am the way, the truth, and the life...." John 14:6

  ["Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Do not be carried about with various and strange doctrines." Heb 13:8-9]


  All religions (1) lead to the same place, (2) are valid paths to salvation. 

 “No one comes to the Father except through Me." John 14:6

“No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him."  John 6:44


Reject traditional authorities. Follow subjective feelings and group consensus

  "I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me." John 6:38

  "Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.” Luke22:42

Faith and

view of the future

  Based on feelings,  imagination, mysticism and group consensus.

    Based on God's Word:

   “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me...." John 17:20-21

  ["All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work." 2 Tim 3:16-17]


Seeking spiritual power, favors, knowledge or wholeness - or oneness with a higher consciousness or an unknowable universal force or spirit.

   "...we know that the Son of God has come and has given us an understanding, that we may know Him..." I John 5:20

"Take heed that you not be deceived. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and, ‘The time has drawn near.’ Therefore do not go after them." Luke 21:8

Pluralism and multicul-turalism

All religions are equal and okay. Dismiss people who disagree as bigots or extremists.

“You shall have no other gods before Me." Exodus 20:3

“You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are all around you (for the Lord your God is a jealous God among you), lest the anger of the Lord your God be aroused against you." Deut 6:14-15

“...if you by any means forget the Lord your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish." Deut. 8:19



Demands continual inner adaptation to cultural transformation

" not be conformed to this world...." Romans 12:2

"Pilate, wanting to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and he delivered Jesus, after he had scourged Him, to be crucified." Mark 15:15

"If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you." John 15:19






The Church is ever being challenged by the world and the dark forces of the underworld


But we are the Church and Jesus said He would build His Church so strong that the gates of hell should not prevail against it. In which words three things are to be noted: First, that Christ will have a Church in this world. Secondly, that the same Church should mightily be challenged, not only by the world, but also by the uttermost strength and powers of all hell. And, thirdly, that the same Church, notwithstanding the uttermost of the devil and all his malice, should continue.


The Church has been challenged since it conception, persecutions started soon after Jesus ascension.



St. Stephen

St. Stephen suffered the next in order. His death was occasioned by the faithful manner in which he preached the Gospel to the betrayers and murderers of Christ. To such a degree of madness were they excited, that they cast him out of the city and stoned him to death. The time when he suffered is generally supposed to have been at the Passover which succeeded to that of our Lord's crucifixion, and to the era of his ascension, in the following spring.

Upon this a great persecution was raised against all who professed their belief in Christ as the Messiah, or as a prophet. We are immediately told by St. Luke, that "there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem;" and that "they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles."

About two thousand Christians, suffered martyrdom during the "persecution that arose about Stephen."

James the Great

The next martyr we meet with, according to St. Luke, in the History of the Apostles' Acts, was James the son of Zebedee, the elder brother of John, and a relative of our Lord; for his mother Salome was cousin-german to the Virgin Mary. It was not until ten years after the death of Stephen that the second martyrdom took place; for no sooner had Herod Agrippa been appointed governor of Judea, than, with a view to ingratiate himself with them, he raised a sharp persecution against the Christians, and determined to make an effectual blow, by striking at their leaders. The account given us by an eminent primitive writer, Clemens Alexandrinus, ought not to be overlooked; that, as James was led to the place of martyrdom, his accuser was brought to repent of his conduct by the apostle's extraordinary courage and undauntedness, and fell down at his feet to request his pardon, professing himself a Christian, and resolving that James should not receive the crown of martyrdom alone. Hence they were both beheaded at the same time. Thus did the first apostolic martyr cheerfully and resolutely receive that cup, which he had told our Savior he was ready to drink. Timon and Parmenas suffered martyrdom about the same time; the one at Philippi, and the other in Macedonia. These events took place A.D. 44.


Was born at Bethsaida, in Galilee and was first called by the name of "disciple." He labored diligently in Upper Asia, and suffered martyrdom at Heliopolis, in Phrygia. He was scourged, thrown into prison, and afterwards crucified, A.D. 54.


Whose occupation was that of a toll-gatherer, was born at Nazareth. He wrote his gospel in Hebrew, which was afterwards translated into Greek by James the Less. The scene of his labors was Parthia, and Ethiopia, in which latter country he suffered martyrdom, being slain with a axe  in the city of Nadabah, A.D. 60.

James the Less

Is supposed by some to have been the brother of our Lord, by a former wife of Joseph. This is very doubtful, and accords too much with the Catholic superstition, that Mary never had any other children except our Savior. He was elected to the oversight of the churches of Jerusalem; and was the author of the Epistle ascribed to James in the sacred canon. At the age of ninety-four he was beat and stoned by the Jews; and finally had his brains dashed out with a fuller's club.


Of whom less is known than of most of the other disciples, was elected to fill the vacant place of Judas. He was stoned at Jerusalem and then beheaded.


Was the brother of Peter. He preached the gospel to many Asiatic nations; but on his arrival at Edessa he was taken and crucified on a cross, the two ends of which were fixed transversely in the ground. Hence the derivation of the term, St. Andrew's Cross.

St. Mark

Was born of Jewish parents of the tribe of Levi. He is supposed to have been converted to Christianity by Peter, whom he served as an amanuensis, and under whose inspection he wrote his Gospel in the Greek language. Mark was dragged to pieces by the people of Alexandria, at the great solemnity of Serapis their idol, ending his life under their merciless hands.


Among many other saints, the blessed apostle Peter was condemned to death, and crucified, as some do write, at Rome; albeit some others, and not without cause, do doubt thereof. Hegesippus saith that Nero sought matter against Peter to put him to death; which, when the people perceived, they entreated Peter with much ado that he would fly the city. Peter, through their importunity at length persuaded, prepared himself to avoid. But, coming to the gate, he saw the Lord Christ come to meet him, to whom he, worshipping, said, "Lord, whither dost Thou go?" To whom He answered and said, "I am come again to be crucified." By this, Peter, perceiving his suffering to be understood, returned into the city. Jerome saith that he was crucified, his head being down and his feet upward, himself so requiring, because he was (he said) unworthy to be crucified after the same form and manner as the Lord was.


Paul, the apostle, who before was called Saul, after his great travail and unspeakable labors in promoting the Gospel of Christ, suffered also in this first persecution under Nero. Abdias, declareth that under his execution Nero sent two of his esquires, Ferega and Parthemius, to bring him word of his death. They, coming to Paul instructing the people, desired him to pray for them, that they might believe; who told them that shortly after they should believe and be baptized at His sepulcher. This done, the soldiers came and led him out of the city to the place of execution, where he, after his prayers made, gave his neck to the sword.


The brother of James, was commonly called Thaddeus. He was crucified at Edessa, A.D. 72.


Preached in several countries, and having translated the Gospel of Matthew into the language of India, he propagated it in that country. He was at length cruelly beaten and then crucified by the impatient idolaters.


Called Didymus, preached the Gospel in Parthia and India, where exciting the rage of the pagan priests, he was martyred by being thrust through with a spear.


The evangelist, was the author of the Gospel which goes under his name. He traveled with Paul through various countries, and is supposed to have been hanged on an olive tree, by the idolatrous priests of Greece.


Surnamed Zelotes, preached the Gospel in Mauritania, Africa, and even in Britain, in which latter country he was crucified, A.D. 74.


The "beloved disciple," was brother to James the Great. The churches of Smyrna, Pergamos, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea, and Thyatira, were founded by him. From Ephesus he was ordered to be sent to Rome, where it is affirmed he was cast into a cauldron of boiling oil. He escaped by miracle, without injury. Domitian afterwards banished him to the Isle of Patmos, where he wrote the Book of Revelation. Nerva, the successor of Domitian, recalled him. He was the only apostle who escaped a violent death.



Finally in the 3rd century Christian Emperor Constantine banned crucifixion from the Roman Empire and ended a 3 century persecution against Christendom.   Next came  a challenge of a different kind. Arian started a false doctrine concerning the Trinity and Constantine called the Bishops together which has been known as the counsel of Nicaea From the counsel of Nicaea  came the confession of faith known as Nician Creed








Whether we are living in the 21st century or the 1st century Jesus said He would be with us to the end of the world.  Mat 28:20

Heb 13:5  Keep your life free from love of money, and be content with what you have, for he has said, "I will never leave you nor forsake you.


Heb 13:8  Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.




Trinity Theological Seminary


Courses in Biblical and Theological Studies

BITH Old Testament Survey An overview of the Old Testament, tracing its teaching with respect to historical background and literary character.4 Units

BITH New Testament Survey An overview of the New Testament, tracing its teaching with respect to historical background and literary character. 4 Units

Systematic Theology I. A  critical investigation into the content and contemporary significance of the Christian faith, emphasizing biblical foundations, philosophic presuppositions and comprehensiveness. 3 Units

BITH Studies in Biblical Lands  An investigation into the biblical theology  in their historical, cultural, Archaeological, and geographical setting with major emphasis in Israel.3 Units  Pilgrimage to the Holy Land for further studies 3 Units

BITH Studies in Paul's Book to the Romans A chapter-by-chapter analysis of Paul’s argument in the book of Romans with special emphasis on Paul’s view of humanity, salvation, Christ, and the Holy Spirit. Elective 3 Units

BITH. The Synoptic Gospels- A comparative study of the Synoptic Gospels. The question of the relationship & sources of the gospels of Matthew, Mark & Luke. 3 Units

BITH Studies in the Gospel of St. John. A comprehensive study of John’s gospel. Its insights into personal spirituality, will be emphasized in the context of  critical Johannine scholarship.3 Units

BITH Introduction to Hebrew. Introduction to Biblical Hebrew covers some essential elements of the grammar of Biblical Hebrew and introduces some basic vocabulary. It introduces students to aspects of translation of Biblical Hebrew as well as the main lexical aids. On completion of the subject students should be able to translate basic nominal and verbal sentences.3 Units

BITH .The Psalms-Songs of Israel and the Church A study of the spiritual and literary legacy of the book of Psalms. The collection will be analyzed according to literary types, and the individual psalms studied according to their type and content. The use of Psalms in the history of the Church as a vehicle of worship will be a daily devotional focus to begin each class 3 Units

BITH.  Old Testament Apocalyptic Literature A survey of the development of apocalyptic literature in the OT (Isaiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Joel, Zechariah) and the intertestamental period              (2 Esdras and Enoch). This survey includes an introduction to the character of apocalyptic, foundational principles for the interpretation of apocalyptic, and an evaluation of apocalyptic as a communicative and revelatory vehicle. 3 Units

BITH. Intertestamental Literature A survey of intertestamental history from 300 to 5 B.C. with special attention given to the literature of the period as a theological bridge between the Old and New Covenants. Areas of study include OT Apocrypha and selections from the OT Pseudepigrapha, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and rabbinic Judaism. 3 Units

BITH Life of Christ A thorough study of Jesus’ life and teaching. Primary attention will be given to reconstructing the first-century with historical, Archeological, and cultural setting of Judaism that shaped Jesus’ message.3 Units

BITH Paul of Tarsus A study of the life and thought of Paul as found in the book of Acts and in Paul’s New Testament letters. The course will synthesize the major categories of Pauline thought and emphasize their value for faith today. 3 Units The footsteps of Paul Tour is available  3 Units

BITH . Institutes of the Christian Religion Reading and analysis of the Institutes of the Christian Religion, emphasizing Calvin's method, material arrangement, and biblical theological content. Elective 3 Units

BITH  Studies in Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians A section-by-section survey of             1 Corinthians dealing with the issues of the nature of the Church, Christian behavior and social responsibility, sexuality, marriage and divorce, Christian worship, the spiritual gifts, and the resurrection. Elective 3 Units

BITH Acts of the Apostles
A study of the Book of Acts focused on the birth and development of the apostolic church, its dissociation from Judaism, and the progress of the missionary enterprise.     3 Units Footsteps of Paul Tour 3 Units

BITH Women of the Bible Women in the Bible  An overview of the Bible  passages that deal with women’s role in the family and in church, and an understanding of the situation of Christian women Elective 3 Units

BITH .Prison Epistles Analysis of Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians, and Philemon, all written while the author was in chains. Attention will focus on the light these letters throw on Paul’s life and thought, as well as on the abiding challenge of their message. 3 Units Footsteps of Paul Tour 3 Units

BITH -Introduction to Christianity An Introduction to Christianity examines the key figures, events and ideas from the Apostolic age to the Reformation in Christian history and places them in context. 3 Units

BITH History of Theological Christian Thought. Historical survey of people and movements which have shaped the faith of the Christian church from post-biblical times to today's modern thought 3 Units

BITH - Pneumatology An investigation of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit, with reference to the biblical foundations and significant historical and contemporary developments. Trinitarian  issues will be discussed, as well as an emphasis on the Spirit’s cosmic work. Additionally, this course aims to encourage a deeper understanding of the Spirit’s role in our lives.3 Units

BITH Biblical Interpretation and Hermeneutics. A survey of hermeneutical theory discussing  how author, text, and reader work together as meaning emerges from a text. These insights will then be applied to the Bible, giving the student an interpretive strategy for exegete biblical texts and bringing their meaning into the modern world. 3 Units

BITH .- Studies in Paul's Book to the Ephesians-One of the greatest letters of the New Testament.  A section-by-section survey of the book of Ephesians. Elective 3 Units

 BITH - Systematic Theology II A continuation of a critical investigation into the content and contemporary significance of the Christian faith, emphasizing biblical foundations, philosophic presuppositions and comprehensiveness. 3 Units

BITH  Blood of Christian Martyrs  the seed of Christianity-
Is the blood of Christian Martyrs the seed of Christianity? A riveting question that this class will try to answer. Elective    3 Units.

BITH The Exodus. The exodus event is as central to OT theology as the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ to NT theology. The historical and theological implications of this book will be examined, with special emphasis given to the covenant between God and Israel.       Elective 3 Units Holy Land  Pilgrimages 3 Units

BITH   The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia and their place in the plan of the Apocalypse with special attention to the historical background, literary analysis, theological emphases, and traditional interpretations. Elective       3 Units

BITH -Reformation and Modern Church History-The study of Christianity from the Reformation to the present, with source material readings. Also the development of Christian thought and apply church history to contemporary ideas and issues. The course also includes a brief overview of historic revivals and world missions.  3 Units

BITH-Introduction to NT Greek Introduction to New Testament Greek covers some essential elements of the grammar of Greek and introduces some basic vocabulary. It introduces students to aspects of translation of New Testament Greek  as well as the main lexical aids. On completion of the subject students should be able to translate basic nominal and verbal sentences. 3 Units

BITH. Systematic Theology III A continuation of a critical investigation into the content and contemporary significance of the Christian faith, emphasizing biblical foundations, philosophic presuppositions and comprehensiveness. 3 Units

BITH Catholic Epistles. An introductory historical and exegetical study working toward practical applications in selected passages from the General Epistles.3 Units

BITH -Parables of Jesus An examination of the parabolic teaching of Jesus then (in its first century Palestinian cultural setting) and now (its message to twenty-first-century Christians and society). Emphasis on the history of interpretation, especially contemporary literary-aesthetic approaches. Elective 3 Units

BITH-Old Testament Exegesis  A practical study of the procedures for doing sound exegesis in the various portions of the Old Testament.  The method will include the study of words, poetics, textual criticism, syntax, biblical theology, and practical exegetical exposition in the different genres of the Hebrew Bible. 3 Units 

BITH -New Testament Apocalyptic Literature A survey of the development of apocalyptic literature in the New Testament. This survey includes an introduction to the character of apocalyptic, foundational principles for the interpretation of apocalyptic, and an evaluation of apocalyptic as a communicative and revelatory vehicle.3 Units

BITH .Pastoral Epistles Careful investigation of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. Detailed textual analysis will lead to better understanding of the joys and struggles of Christian leadership under Paul’s direction. Social roles and cultural issues affecting the Church will receive special attention. 3 Units Footsteps of Paul Tour 3 Units.
                                                                                                                                                  BITH The Greek Text of Romans: Text Critical Study . Using the textbook and the textual notes in the lectures, construct an exegesis (of 10 pages) on a segment of Romans of your choosing. 3 Units

Text Box:  
BITH Christology Study of the person and work of Christ with reference to the biblical foundations and significant historical and contemporary developments. Trinitarian  issues will be discussed. Additionally, this course aims to encourage a deeper understanding of Christ's working in our daily lives 3 Units

BITH Christian Ethics An examination of the history, methodology, and content of Christian ethics with application to specific contemporary issues.. 3 Units

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